A high-quality history education will help children gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire children's curiosity to know more about the past. Teaching should equip children to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.
Throughout key stage one, children develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They develop a knowledge of where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They learn how to use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. As well as this, they learn how to ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They also develop and understanding some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.
Children are taught about changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these are used to reveal aspects of change in national life. Children also learn about events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally.
Children learn about the the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements as well as how to compare aspects of life in different periods.
Children also learn about significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.